Orthoscopics

Lee Opticians was the first opticians in Ireland to introduce the Orthoscopics system to its practice in Warrenpoint.

Orthoscopics is a new testing system that assesses the visual dysfunctions associated with Dyslexia, Dyspraxia or Developmental Coordination Delay, Asbergers, ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder), Migraines and Autism.
Lee Opticians is committed to giving the best vision care possible to patients with specific learning difficulties.


Dyslexia
Dyslexia is widely misunderstood by most people. It can be described as a difficulty with words or "a reading disability resulting from the inability to process graphic symbols". (Medline Plus and the National Institutes of Health)
''
Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which mainly affects the development of literacy and language related skills. It is likely to be present at birth and to be life-long in its effects. It is characterized by difficulties with phonological processing, rapid naming, working memory, processing speed, and the automatic development of skills that may not match up to an individual’s other cognitive abilities. It tends to be resistant to conventional teaching methods. Although dyslexia is not an intellectual disability, it is considered both learning and a reading disability. Dyslexia and IQ are not interrelated”.
 

Lee Opticians specializes in the visual aspects of dyslexia.
There are a number of conditions, associated with dyslexia, which is generally referred to as ‘visual stress’:
  • visual dyslexia,
  • Meres Irlan Syndrome
  • Irlan Syndrome
  • scotopic sensitivity syndrome
Visual Stress refers to reading difficulties, light sensitivity and headaches from exposure to disturbing visual patterns. It can be responsible for print distortion and rapid fatigue when reading. The severity of these symptoms can vary from person to person.
The symptoms can occur despite normal vision.

Approximately 5% of the population are severely affected by visual stress and 20% to a lesser degree.
Symptoms of visual stress
  • movement of print
  • blurring of print
  • letters changing shape or size
  • letters fading or becoming darker
  • patterns appearing, sometimes describes as “worms” or “rivers” running through print
  • illusions of colour – blobs of colour on the page or colours surrounding letters or words
  • rapid tiring
  • headache or eyestrain
Signs to look out for
  • moving closer to or away from page
  • becoming restless
  • using finger as a marker
  • skipping words and lines
  • rubbing eyes and blinking excessively
  • low self esteem
When we look at someone wearing a stripy shirt it may feel uncomfortable for us to look at and it may “make our eyes go funny”. This effect can be seen by many individuals who look at print as this is often a “stripy pattern”. Very often visual stress manifests itself when a child starts reading full text books.

Visual stress is NOT dyslexia but can be particularly prevalent in dyslexic individuals. If visual stress is identified in a patient, prescribed tinted lenses are used to alleviative some of the symptoms.
How Colour Works to Alleviate the Symptoms of Visual Stress
Visual Stress is due to hyperexcitability of neurones in the Visual Cortex. This means that some of the cells in the visual pathways to the brain which deal with processing optical information work too fast and do not respond in the way they should.

We know that certain cells in the Visual Cortex are colour sensitive and therefore by placing a colour in front of the eye the pattern of excitation can be changed. In other words the colour will help to slow and calm these cells and therefore quieten the pattern of the text and reduce the Visual Stress.

Colour is needed to reduce the hyperexcitability and the colour prescribed using the orthoscopics system is very precise and specific to each person. This precise colour is then transposed into tinted glasses.
 
Dyspraxia
Dyspraxia is the name given to difficulties with the planning and execution of movement. It may also apply to the lack of general organizational skills.
There are many reasons for dyspraxia:

  • inability to see space correctly
  • memory access or storage difficulties
  • timing and sequencing difficulties
  • muscle tone or postural problems
  • output inaccuracies
Lee Opticians specializes in the visual aspects of dyspraxia.  


ADHD
Lee Opticians specializes in the visual dysfunctions of ADHD and ADD children.
Very often visual dysfunctions are overlooked by other professionals when diagnosing ADHD and ADD. It may be that simple vision treatment will help these children. It is our recommendation that a
full visual assessment is undertaken before resorting to medication.


Coordination of the Senses
Our senses work very closely together and vision affects all the senses - and is often the most important sense to address,this does not mean that you shouldn't use other professionals too - but you MUST get visual processing problems addressed if you have a sensory integration problem.

Autism


Autism is generally considered a communication disorder, but there is some debate as to whether some symptoms found are cause or effect. The
diagnosis of two professionals on the same child is variable, and may
encompass dyslexia, dyspraxia, attention problems, speech and language
difficulties, sensory processing problems and more.
It is essential that ALL children with Autism syndrome have a full visual perceptual assessment.
Those on the Autistic spectrum may exhibit many visual perceptual problems.
Some of these difficulties are obvious, such as difficulty with eye contact. Some are hidden, for example cross sensory difficulties.
The degree of problem varies enormously, from virtually nil to life altering.
Testing is often very difficult but with patience results can be impressive.

Lee Opticians specializes in the visual aspects of autism.
EVERY child on the ASD spectrum needs to have a visual assessment.


A checklist of Symtoms
Answer yes or no. Then total number of yes answers
  1. Do the words or letters ever appear jumbled / strange?
  2. Do the words or letters reverse or invert?
  3. Do the words or letters change sequence?
  4. Do the words or letters move to a different part of the page?
  5. Do parts of the words or letters disappear?
  6. Do you get double vision or multiple images?
  7. Do words / letters / background change colour, fade or become “blotchy”?
  8. Does the text become hard to observe?
  9. Is fixation or tracking difficult?
  10. Do you see extra words or letters in the text?
  11. Do you have difficulty remembering what you have just read?
  12. Do you miscopy words regularly?
  13. Do any of the letters or words vibrate?
  14. Do you get headaches or discomfort when reading?
  15. Do you have difficulty filtering background noise?
  16. Are some sounds painful?
  17. Do you have difficulty following a moving ball?
  18. Do the words or letters crowd?
  19. Do you trip or have difficulties with steps or stairs?
  20. Do you suffer from allergies?
Total yes
If over 6 - likely to be a problem
Over 10 = significant problem!